1970年代的人,打算如何在太空居住?

在20世紀70年代,美國航空航天局舉行了一系列探索未來的太空殖民地的夏令營,並由藝術家記下當時人們的設計概念。

Toroidal Colony. Cutaway view, exposing the interior. Art work: Rick Guidice. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-1086-1
環形殖民地:剖視圖 — Rick Guidice 繪

這些太空殖民地分為環形(冬甩、麵包圈)、球形及圓柱形,實用面積和加州海濱小鎮相約,透過自行旋轉去產生人造引力,並利用大型鏡子反射太陽光線,開發原料則從月球及附近的星體開採。在這樣的人造環境下,它們擁有自給自足的生態系統,天氣亦可由人工控制。

Bernal Interior. Interior including human powered flight. Art work: Rick Guidice. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC76-0628
殖民地的內部環境,當中還有腳踏飛機儀器。 — Rick Guidice 繪

直到現在,要建立這種殖民地的成本依然高昂,但這個想法從來沒有被擱置。最近的一項計劃是建造卡爾帕納一號(卡爾帕‧納喬拉是哥倫比亞號災難喪生的七名太空人之一)。

其他概念圖:
Torus Interior Interior view. Art work: Don Davis. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-2621
Don Davis 繪

Cylinder Endcap. Endcap view with suspension bridge. Art work: Don Davis. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-1883
貫穿城市的吊橋,Don Davis 繪

Cylinder Interior. Interior view looking out through large windows. Art work: Rick Guidice. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-1086
Rick Guidice 繪

Bernal Agriculture. Agricultural modules in cutaway view (multiple toroids). Art work: Rick Guidice. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC78-0330-4
多重環形殖民地內的農地,Rick Guidice 繪

Bernal Construction. Construction crew at work on the colony. Art work: Don Davis. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC76-1288
建造工人在殖民地工作,Don Davis 繪

Bernal Cutaway. Cutaway view of Bernal Sphere. Art work: Rick Guidice. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC76-1089
Rick Guidice 繪

Cylinder Eclipse. Eclipse of the sun with view of clouds and vegetation. Art work: Don Davis. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-1920
Don Davis 繪

Torus Construction. Construction along the torus rim. Art work: Don Davis. Credit: NASA Ames Research Center. NASA ID AC75-1886
Don Davis 繪

來源:Mashable
圖片來源:NASA

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