這個App,要一年救4億隻動物

巴西生物學家Alex Bager是這個應用程式的發明者。

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巴西的動物常常會橫過公路,被車撞死──即所謂路死(roadkill)。Bager根據各種有關人類發展如何傷害動物的科學研究,再推算巴西的公路網絡(長達170萬公里),得出結論:被殺害的動物一年高達4億隻。當中90%是小型動物,例如兩棲動物、雀鳥、齧齒動物、龜類。中型的動物包括負鼠、野兔、或者比較大型的鳥類如禿鷹,則佔9%。大型動物,則有例如水豚、食蟹狐、貘、美洲豹等。

這個應用程式叫Urubu mobile,語帶雙關,在葡萄牙語也是黑禿鷲的意思──一種食動物死屍的動物。Bager說這是巴西其中一個公民科學(citizen science)的例子。有6000個駐冊用戶,遍佈全巴西。當有人發現路死,立即用衛星系統定位,發放到Urubu系統,每張照片會有5位研究員分析,並以圖象在地圖標示。Bager希望,這有助收集更多數據,同時推動法案關注問題,最終使巴西人更關注自己國家的多元生態。

除了巴西。台灣也有一個關注路死的「路殺社」,建設了台灣野生動物路死觀察網

Source:Mongabay

 

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